Community-Based Interventions in Prepared-Food Sources: A Systematic Review
Foods purchased from prepared food sources (ready-to-eat foods that can be eaten outside the home or brought back or delivered to the home to eat) are now a major part of the American diet and are linked to increased rates of overweight and chronic disease. Prepared food sources may be an important venue for obesity-prevention efforts. This is the first systematic review of interventions in community-based prepared-food sources. Researchers found that interventions in prepared-food sources show initial promising results at the store level. Interventions mostly targeted an urban population, predominately white, in a range of incomes. The most common framework used was social marketing theory. Most interventions centered on signage to promote existing healthful food choices. Several worked with kitchen staff to improve low-fat food preparation practices, and several conducted formal menu analyses to determine more healthful food choices for promotion. Many interventions showed that changing the prepared-food environment may improve sales and awareness of more healthful foods and improve purchasing and consumption behaviors.
The healthfulness of foods and beverages found in retail food stores differs widely across the United States, both by location of the store as well as by store type. Some communities have limited access to stores that carry healthful staple foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grain-rich foods, and … More
Children and adolescents see between 4,500 and 6,000 food ads on TV each year, the majority of which are for products high in sugar and fat and low in essential nutrients. In April 2011, a coalition of federal authorities known as the Interagency Working Group on Foods Marketed to Children … More
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More