In March 2008, the King County Board of Health approved the second restaurant nutrition information regulation in the nation, requiring chain restaurants to provide information on calories, saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sodium on menus and calories on menu boards by January 1, 2009, and allowing for specified methods “equivalent” to menu board or menu labels. The regulation provides the opportunity to evaluate a replicable healthy eating policy through a natural experiment. Thus, the primary aim of this project is to assess the impact of point-of-purchase nutrition information at chain restaurants on awareness of nutrition information, nutrition knowledge, use of nutrition information, and food choices of customers. Secondary aims include (1) examining differences in outcomes by demographic characteristics, neighborhood characteristics, method of providing nutrition information, and type of restaurant, and (2) assessing changes in nutritional values of menu items.
Evaluating the Impact of Point-of-Purchase Nutrition Information at Chain Restaurants
Changes in Awareness and Use of Calorie Information After Mandatory Menu Labeling in Restaurants in King County, Washington
In 2009, King County, Wash., implemented a menu-labeling regulation that requires chain restaurants to provide calorie, saturated fat, carbohydrate, and sodium information. This study examines population-level changes in menu-labeling awareness (i.e., seeing calorie information) and use (i.e., using calorie information) before and after policy implementation in King County. Researchers analyzed … More
This article evaluates the impact of a menu labeling regulation in King County, Wash., on calories purchased and awareness and use of labels six and 18 months after implementation. Like prior studies, researchers found no significant changes in calories purchased six months after implementation, but found a modest decrease in … More
This article discusses results of a study that examined whether restaurant environments changed as a result of a newly implemented restaurant nutrition-labeling regulation in King County, Wash., compared over a similar length of time to restaurants in Multnomah County, Ore., where nutrition-labeling was not implemented. Researchers found that there was … More
Energy, Saturated Fat, and Sodium Were Lower in Entrees at Chain Restaurants at 18 Months Compared with 6 Months Following the Implementation of Mandatory Menu Labeling Regulation in King County, Washington
This study examined the energy, saturated fat, and sodium content of entrées at national chain restaurants subject to menu labeling regulations in King County, Washington, at six and 18 months after the implementation of the regulation. Researchers evaluated the nutrition content of entrées at 11 sit-down restaurants and 26 quick-serve … More