The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 includes the first increase in the reimbursement rate for school meals in over 30 years and will likely become effective in 2012-2013. The rationale for increasing this rate is to induce schools to offer more nutritious meals. However, there is almost no previous research about whether schools will effectively use the additional funds to provide more nutritious meals to students. This project aims to provide evidence of how the federal reimbursement rate influences the nutritional content of breakfasts offered through the School Breakfast Program (SBP). To achieve this aim, the nutritional quality of breakfasts in schools with different reimbursement rates (based on the percent of students in the school who are eligible for free or reduced-price meals) will be compared. For the SBP, schools receive an additional $0.28 per meal if they are categorized as severe need. Data from the School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study-III and 2006 School Health Policies and Practices Study will provide nationally representative samples of schools to compare those just above and below the threshold for receiving the additional reimbursement in the SBP using a regression discontinuity design.
Examining the Impact of the Federal Reimbursement Rate on the Nutritional Content of School Meals
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
Eating School Meals Daily Is Associated with Healthier Dietary Intakes: The Healthy Communities Study
This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children’s dietary intakes. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Dietary Screener Questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake of fruit and vegetables, fiber, whole grains, dairy, calcium, total added sugar, sugar-sweetened … More
Early Adopters: Current Practices and Preliminary Findings in States Adopting School-Based Water Quality Testing Programs
The goals of this project are: 1) to provide a descriptive assessment of the current methodologies used in state-based school water quality testing programs compared to recommended standard surveillance elements; and 2) to summarize water lead content data derived from state testing programs and present and evaluate data by school … More