Planning for Food Access: A National Scan and Evaluation of Local Comprehensive Planning and Zoning
Low-income, underserved communities are often plagued with unhealthy food environments. A community’s comprehensive plan directly influences urban design and land-use regulations, which affect neighborhood food availability. While some local governments are including food access goals and policies in their local plans, little is understood about the quality, specificity and comprehensiveness of these goals and policies. The primary aim of this study is to identify and evaluate the development, adoption and implementation of food access goals and policies of comprehensive and sustainability plans across the U.S. The secondary aim is to provide policy-makers and planners with case examples of innovative food access goal and policy development, adoption and implementation strategies to improve food environments.
Start Date: November 2009
ID #: 66963
Principal Investigator: Kimberley Hodgson, MURP, MS, RD
This report evaluates current local comprehensive and sustainability plans across the United States and their impact on local policies, regulations, and standards to reduce food access disparities and improve community-based foods systems. Of 888 local government responses to a national web-based survey, only 11.8 percent of respondents (105 jurisdictions) indicated … More
The healthfulness of foods and beverages found in retail food stores differs widely across the United States, both by location of the store as well as by store type. Some communities have limited access to stores that carry healthful staple foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grain-rich foods, and … More
This study aimed to assess the relative impact of the home food environment on children’s diet after the introduction of a new supermarket in a food desert. This study builds upon a natural experiment to longitudinally examine the food-purchasing behaviors and diets among a randomly selected population of households in … More