Research & Publications | Healthy Eating Research

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Healthier Home Food Preparation Methods and Youth and Caregiver Psychosocial Factors are Associated with Lower BMI in African American Youth

This paper discusses the results of a study which examined the relationship between home food preparation and adolescent body mass index (BMI) in a sample of 240 African American adolescents and their caregivers in Baltimore, Md. Researchers found that meals prepared at home in African American households do not necessarily promote healthy BMI in youth. More

Date: May 2012

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access

Using Mobile Fruit Vendors to Increase Access to Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for Schoolchildren

This study explored the extent to which schoolchildren would purchase pre-cut and bagged fruits and vegetables from a mobile fruit vendor (frutero). During 14 days in fall 2008, a vendor sold fruits and vegetables at the entrance of an elementary school property in Oakland, California, at the close of each school day. Overall, 248 bags More

Date: May 2012

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access Food Retail School & After School

Food Expenditures and Food Purchasing Among Low-Income, Urban, African-American Youth

This paper examines food purchasing behaviors of lower-income, urban African-American youth in Baltimore, Maryland. Youth reported spending an average on $3.96 of foods and beverages in a typical day. Corners stores were the most frequently visited food outlets, with 59% of youth purchasing food from these venues at least twice per week. The most frequently More

Date: June 2011

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access

Healthy Food Availability and Participation in WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) in Food Stores Around Lower- and Higher-Income Elementary Schools

This paper examines the range of food outlets around lower- and higher-income urban schools and compares the availability of healthy food items in those stores. It also examines whether stores accepting vouchers for WIC, a federal program for improving health and nutrition of lower-income mothers and their children, have more healthy items available than stores More

Healthy Food Purchasing Among African American Youth: Associations with Child Gender, Adult Caregiver Characteristics and the Home Food Environment

This article discusses how the home food environment and caregiver and youth characteristics are associated with healthy food purchasing among lower-income African-American youth. Researchers found that intentions to eat healthier, caregivers’ attitude towards healthy eating and more frequent food preparation by family members were each significantly associated with higher frequency of purchasing healthy foods among More

Date: April 2011

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access Food Retail

An Analysis of Public Health Policy and Legal Issues Relevant to Mobile Food Vending

Mobile food vending as a venue for food access has received little attention in the public health literature. This paper outlines key components of mobile food vending regulation and provides examples from 12 U.S. cities to illustrate the variations surrounding these regulations. Then, using the regulatory framework, the authors describe how mobile food vending can More

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Date: November 2010

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access Food Retail

Mobile Food Vending and the After-School Food Environment

This article finds that mobile food vendors contribute to after-school snacking among children, and should be considered part of the school food environment. Based on data collected in Oakland, CA in the spring of 2008, researchers found a wide variety of vendors near schools. They include vendors who sell low-nutrient, calorie-dense items, such as ice More

Date: January 2010

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Access Food Retail School & After School

Examining the Role of Street Vendors in the After School Eating Environment Among Elementary and Middle School Children in Low-Income Neighborhoods

The proposed study will increase knowledge about the role of street vendors in the after-school eating environment among elementary and middle school children in low-income neighborhoods. The overall aim is to examine whether mobile vendors are a feasible vehicle for the sales of fresh fruits, vegetables and healthy snacks, and to evaluate a community-based quasi-experimental More

Date: September 2007

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Access School & After School

Evaluating the Efficacy of a Healthy Corner Store Initiative in Reducing Childhood Obesity

This project will evaluate the efficacy of a community-based, environmental intervention in urban corner stores located near schools. By targeting multiple aspects of the corner store environment (e.g., social, educational, food availability), the goal of this intervention is to decrease the purchase of high calorie snacks and beverages and increase the percentage of healthy snacks More

Date: September 2007

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Access Food Retail

Reducing the Risk of Obesity for African-American Youth by Developing a Program to Improve the Food Environment in Baltimore

This project will evaluate an innovative intervention to change the food environment to reduce obesity risk among low-income urban African American children. Specifically, it will (a) develop, implement and evaluate a program that creates healthy eating zones around selected city schools that will increase the availability of healthy food options and promote them at the More

Date: September 2007

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Access