In King County, WA, food insecurity is pervasive among low-income children and inequitable by race, yet WIC utilization is also low. We propose to evaluate an innovative WIC mobile strategy to be implemented in 2020 to advance nutrition and food security equity. Mobile WIC teams will bring services to non-traditional community settings (e.g., food banks and shelters). Informed by client focus groups and piloted in 2019, this responds to client-identified needs–transportation support, food access, and housing, which have not been met by traditional implementation requiring clients to travel to WIC offices. We hypothesize that mobile WIC teams will facilitate access to and increase utilization of WIC education and food benefits, which will advance health equity by increasing food security and nutrition among clients who are disproportionately people of color. The study sample will be WIC eligible, low-income women and children in King County prior to and after implementation (>200,000 clients, 2017-2021).
Start Date: February 2020
ID #: 86837
Principal Investigator: Eva Wong, PhD
Organization: Public Health-Seattle & King County
Funding Round: HER Round 12
Additional Fruit and Vegetable Vouchers for Pregnant WIC Clients: An Equity-Focused Strategy to Improve Food Security and Diet QualityWomen with low household income and from racial/ethnic minority groups are at elevated risk of food insecurity. Food insecurity during pregnancy is associated with overall less healthy diets, lower intake of the pregnancy-supportive nutrients iron and folate, and significant variations in diet across the course of a month. The goal of this study was to More
Dynamics of macroeconomic factor effects on food assistance program participation in the United StatesMacroeconomic factors relating to economic, financial, and sociological stress are identified and their impacts assessed concerning participation in key food assistance programs (SNAP, WIC, and NSLP). The econometric analysis covers the period October 1999 to September 2020. The impact of COVID-19 on participation in these programs also is quantified. Based on the parameter estimates obtained More