This paper focused on the impact changes in soft drink taxes and policies restricting school vending machine access had on soda consumption among children and adolescents. The researchers used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) and IV (1999-2006) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K). They concluded that as currently practiced, neither vending machine restrictions nor soft drink taxes will lead to noticeable weight reduction in children; typically imposed beverage taxes are neither large enough nor transparent enough to lead to meaningful behavior change, and policies restricting vending machine access in school do not reduce consumption because of the many other ways to obtain these drinks.
Taxing Soft Drinks and Restricting Access to Vending Machines to Curb Child Obesity
This paper evaluates the impact of changes in state soft drink taxes on body mass index (BMI), obesity and overweight. Researchers found that weight responds to changes in soft drink taxes; an increase of 1% in the state soft drink tax rate leads to a decrease in BMI of 0.003 … More
In this paper the authors investigate the potential for soft drink taxes to combat the rise in child and adolescent obesity levels through a reduction in consumption. Using state soft drink sales and excise tax information from 1989-2006 and National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) data, researchers find that … More
Evaluating the Effects of State Interventions to Combat Childhood Obesity through Decreasing Soft Drink Consumption
The aim of this work is to evaluate the effects of two soft drink policies (soft drink taxes and restricting vending machine access in schools) on child and adolescent soft drink consumption and body weight. Investigators will use a ‘natural experiment’ design by leveraging state and time variation in these … More