This study will develop and validate a photo-evidence method to measure effectiveness of water access in schools since the Healthy and Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires that potable water be available to children at no charge during mealtimes in areas where meals are served. The aims of this study are to: 1) develop and validate a protocol for photographing and coding characteristics of effective water access in schools; 2) assess feasibility of national implementation of this method using students as data-collectors; 3) investigate potential applications of the methodology by likely end-users; and 4) explore barriers to and develop preliminary recommendations for effective drinking water access in schools. The tool development and validation study will take place in 30 schools in San Francisco, Calif., representing a variety of free drinking water sources, and the feasibility testing will take place in 50 schools representing different school types, four regional U.S. Census Bureau divisions, and different proportions of students who qualify for free and reduced-price lunch.
Developing, Validating and Feasibility Testing a Cost-Effective Photo-Evidence Method to Assess Effectiveness of Access to Drinking Water in Schools
U.S. states have introduced bills requiring sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) to display health warning labels. This study examined how warning labels influence parents and which labels are most effective. Over 2,000 demographically and educationally diverse parents of children ages 6 to 11 participated in an online survey. Parents were randomized to … More
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
Assessing Beverage Intake in Children and Adolescents: State of the Science, Recommendations, and Resources for Evaluation
This report serves as a guide to assist researchers in the selection of beverage intake assessment methods. The report begins with a description of several key issues to consider when assessing beverage intake in children and adolescents, and then moves into a review of five methods for assessing beverage consumption. The … More