This study will develop and validate a photo-evidence method to measure effectiveness of water access in schools since the Healthy and Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires that potable water be available to children at no charge during mealtimes in areas where meals are served. The aims of this study are to: 1) develop and validate a protocol for photographing and coding characteristics of effective water access in schools; 2) assess feasibility of national implementation of this method using students as data-collectors; 3) investigate potential applications of the methodology by likely end-users; and 4) explore barriers to and develop preliminary recommendations for effective drinking water access in schools. The tool development and validation study will take place in 30 schools in San Francisco, Calif., representing a variety of free drinking water sources, and the feasibility testing will take place in 50 schools representing different school types, four regional U.S. Census Bureau divisions, and different proportions of students who qualify for free and reduced-price lunch.
Developing, Validating and Feasibility Testing a Cost-Effective Photo-Evidence Method to Assess Effectiveness of Access to Drinking Water in Schools
Training High School Student “Citizen Scientists” to Document School Water Access: A Feasibility Study
Youth water consumption is inadequate. Increasing adolescent water consumption could support decreased dental caries and body mass index (BMI). Most schools are required to provide free, potable water. However, there is evidence that schools’ self-reported compliance data overestimate access to water in schools. We tested the feasibility of using student … More
Strong nutrition standards for school meals, consistent with evidence-based recommendations, position children for optimal health and wellbeing. Strong science supports the link between lowering sodium intake and better health. This new issue brief from Healthy Eating Research examines the recent history of sodium standards for school meals. It highlights current sodium intake … More
Drinking water access in California schools: Room for improvement following implementation of school water policies
This study aimed to investigate how access to free drinking water in California public schools changed after implementation of 2010 federal and state school water policies. Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted with administrators in a random sample of California public schools, stratified by school type and urban-centric geography, from 2010 … More