The goals of this project are: 1) to provide a descriptive assessment of the current methodologies used in state-based school water quality testing programs compared to recommended standard surveillance elements; and 2) to summarize water lead content data derived from state testing programs and present and evaluate data by school social and demographic characteristics. First a standardized policy and document content review protocol will be used to document key features of state water quality testing programs and relevant elements of the public surveillance system. These will include lead agency, policy mechanism, sample size target specifics, water sample collection protocols, case identification by lead content action level, response procedure requirements, and reporting and communication requirements. These will be compared to Environmental Protection Agency recommendations and guidelines for public health surveillance elements. Next the researchers will access online or request data on all testing samples of measured lead in tap water from states conducting voluntary or mandatory school tap water testing for lead (and copper, when available). This school-level water quality testing data will then be linked with school-level characteristics using publicly available data on all public schools and other state-agency provided data.
Early Adopters: Current Practices and Preliminary Findings in States Adopting School-Based Water Quality Testing Programs
Evaluating the Impact of a Healthier Checkout Program on Food Sales at a Regional Convenience Retail Chain
Healthy retail strategies implemented in convenience stores have shown to have promising impact on healthy food purchasing and healthy diets. However, additional evidence on specific strategies to promote healthful food purchasing inconvenience stores is needed. One such strategy is creating “healthy check-outs” in small stores. The goal of this project … More
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
In this systematic review, investigators expand on previous reviews of obesity prevention interventions by including recent studies from all parts of the world. School-based interventions with combined diet and physical activity components and a home element had greatest effectiveness; evidence in support of the effect of preschool-based, community-based, and home-based … More