Research & Publications | Healthy Eating Research

Focus Areas

Resource Types

Age Groups


Consumer Estimation of Recommended and Actual Calories at Fast Food Restaurants

This paper examines the assumptions that consumers know how many calories they should consume throughout the course of a day and customers improperly estimate the number of calories in their fast food order. It then examines whether mandatory menu labeling influences either of these assumptions. Based on receipt and survey data collected from consumers outside More

Date: October 2011

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail

Consumer Purchasing Patterns in Response to Calorie Labeling Legislation in New York City

This paper examines whether menu labeling in New York City (NYC) chain restaurants affects food purchases or frequency of fast food consumption by comparing a sample of lower-income adults in NYC to a similar sample in Newark, NJ (which did not introduce labeling). The study showed mixed findings. Researchers found no significant differences in food More

Date: May 2011

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail

Child and Adolescent Fast-Food Choice and the Influence of Calorie Labeling: A Natural Experiment

This article examines children’s and adolescents’ fast-food choices and the influence of calorie labels on adolescent and parent food choice in lower-income communities in New York City (NYC) and Newark, New Jersey (comparison city) before and after mandatory menu labeling began in NYC. Researchers found no statistically significant differences in calories purchased before and after More

Date: April 2011

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail

Calorie Labeling and Food Choices: A First Look at the Effects on Low-Income People in New York City

This paper assesses the effect of mandated calorie labeling on fast food choices in New York City. A sample of more than 1,000 adults at fast-food restaurants in low-income, minority communities in New York was compared with a sample in Newark, New Jersey, which did not have a labeling mandate. The researchers found that while More

Date: November 2009

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas:

Studying the Influence of Calorie Labeling on the Food Choices of Families and Adolescents

In New York City, a new policy now being implemented mandates city-wide calorie labeling posted on the menu boards of all fast-food restaurants. In assessing this policy, this study has two specific aims: (1) to determine the influence of such calorie labeling on individual food choice and (2) to establish why this calorie labeling does More

Date: December 2008

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: