Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has emerged as an important healthy food and weight policy over the past five years. Seven US cities and more than 30 countries across the globe have adopted taxes on sugary drinks. Initial evaluations have found that these taxes raise the prices of sugary drinks and decrease consumption substantially, and well as raise revenues that may further support healthy eating and address social determinants of health, such as early education. However, stakeholders have raised equity concerns given the regressive nature of excise taxes. Therefore, objective evidence is needed to determine the nature and extent of tax payment regressivity versus net progressivity of the full tax policy. Using data from three large cities with SSB taxes (Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle), this study aims to: 1) quantify the extent to which taxes on SSBs are regressive in their economic burden; 2) examine the net economic impact of SSB taxes by considering the progressive investments of tax revenues; and 3) analyze how variation in tax design across cities affects the economic impact on low-income communities.
Analyzing the Progressive and Regressive Impacts of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
U.S. states have introduced bills requiring sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) to display health warning labels. This study examined how warning labels influence parents and which labels are most effective. Over 2,000 demographically and educationally diverse parents of children ages 6 to 11 participated in an online survey. Parents were randomized to … More
Studying the Impact of Ecological Momentary Interventions on Sugary-Beverage Consumption by Children Through Age 2 in Low-Income Families
The first 1,000 days describes the period from pre-pregnancy through age 2 years, and is increasingly recognized as a critical period for development of childhood obesity. The overall goal of this study is to test mobile technology-based ecologic momentary interventions (EMIs) to deliver policy-relevant health messages among families living in … More
Developing and Evaluating the Effectiveness of Pictorial Health Warnings on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages to Overcome Language and Literacy Barriers
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem in the U.S. among racial and ethnic minorities, including among the growing Latino population in the U.S. One promising but understudied policy for addressing childhood obesity is requiring health warnings on the front of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) containers. Pictorial warnings in particular … More