Given the high levels of obesity in young children, number of children in out-of-home care, and data suggesting a link between early care and education (ECE) participation and overweight/obesity, obesity prevention in ECE settings is critical. This systematic review covered obesity prevention interventions in center-based ECE settings published between 2010 and 2015. The goal was to identify promising intervention characteristics associated with successful behavioral and anthropometric outcomes. The review used a quality assessment tool for the studies identified, and a coding strategy was developed to assess intervention strength based on the hypothesis that more intensive interventions should yield better outcomes. The review found that 72 percent of the studies with a dietary intake measure demonstrated at least one significant impact. For studies that measured change in physical activity, fitness, or motor skills, 77 percent demonstrated at least one significant impact. Ten of the 24 studies with an anthropometric measure demonstrated at least one successful intervention effect. Relationships between intervention strength and behavioral outcomes demonstrated negative relationships for all behavioral outcomes. The review provides tentative evidence that multi-component, multi-level ECE interventions with parental engagement are most likely to be effective with anthropometric outcomes.
Published: December 2016
ID #: 1094
Journal: Prev Med
Authors: Ward DS, Welker E, Choate A, et al.
State Agency Perspectives on Successes and Challenges of Administering the Child and Adult Care Food ProgramThe federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) improves nutrition and reduces food insecurity for young children while helping cover food costs for care providers and families. Despite its important benefits, the program is underutilized. This report uses qualitative interviews with state CACFP administrators representing 28 states to explore federal and state policies and practices that support or discourage CACFP participation among licensed child More
Supporting the Wake Forest School of Medicine in implementing a WIC referral program within electronic health records to optimize WIC participationThe United States has an ongoing maternal and infant health crisis, characterized by stark disparities. The WIC program could equitably improve health outcomes, but it is underutilized. Identifying strategies for healthcare systems to efficiently connect pregnant patients with WIC is a public health and policy priority. This study will use the electronic health record (EHR) More