The use of tax credits and other incentives is an increasingly looked-to approach to change food environments. Policies are being considered across the U.S. This project will evaluate the impact of New York City’s use of tax and zoning incentives to encourage the building of supermarkets in the highest need areas of the city. This natural experiment will be evaluated using a difference-in-difference study design. Parent intercept surveys (n=800) will be conducted before the new supermarket is introduced in: (a) the community in the Bronx where the new supermarket is to be built, and (b) a comparison community. After the supermarket is built, these parents will also complete a follow-up telephone survey. Overall, the study will assess changes in children’s fruit, vegetable and snack consumption, and parents’ shopping patterns. The long-term goal of this project is to help inform other cities and states as they implement their own programs to introduce supermarkets in high need areas.
Evaluating the Impact of Using Financial Incentives to Build Supermarkets in High-Need Areas
Measuring Micro-Level Effects of a New Supermarket: Do Residents Within 0.5 Mile Have Improved Dietary Behaviors?
This study aimed to examine whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household food availability and consumption of healthy and unhealthy food items among families who lived within half a mile of the new supermarket. Participants were recruited through street intercept surveys, with a subset of respondents … More
Assessment of a Government-Subsidized Supermarket in a High-Need Area on Household Food Availability and Children’s Dietary Intakes
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a new government-subsidized supermarket in a high-need area on household food availability and dietary habits in children. In September 2011, a new supermarket was opened in the Morrisania community in the South Bronx, New York, with funding from New … More
The healthfulness of foods and beverages found in retail food stores differs widely across the United States, both by location of the store as well as by store type. Some communities have limited access to stores that carry healthful staple foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grain-rich foods, and … More