This study aimed to examine whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household food availability and consumption of healthy and unhealthy food items among families who lived within half a mile of the new supermarket. Participants were recruited through street intercept surveys, with a subset of respondents later completing a 24-hour dietary recall over the phone. All data were analyzed using difference-in-difference models. The primary outcome of interest was household availability of healthy foods, those with high nutrient value such as fruits and vegetables, and unhealthy foods that are calorically dense and low in nutrients. After the store opened, reported fruit and vegetable availability among those living within half a mile of the store increased, while there was no change for participants who lived further away from the store. However, there was also an increase in unhealthy food availability (i.e., salty snacks, sweets) in the home only among the group that lived closer to the store. Residents living close to the store also reported higher consumption of healthy foods like produce and water, and lower intake of soft drinks and pastries.
Measuring Micro-Level Effects of a New Supermarket: Do Residents Within 0.5 Mile Have Improved Dietary Behaviors?
Assessment of a Government-Subsidized Supermarket in a High-Need Area on Household Food Availability and Children’s Dietary Intakes
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a new government-subsidized supermarket in a high-need area on household food availability and dietary habits in children. In September 2011, a new supermarket was opened in the Morrisania community in the South Bronx, New York, with funding from New … More
The use of tax credits and other incentives is an increasingly looked-to approach to change food environments. Policies are being considered across the U.S. This project will evaluate the impact of New York City’s use of tax and zoning incentives to encourage the building of supermarkets in the highest need … More
Federal food programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are the first line of defense against food insecurity in the United States. However, these benefits are often not sufficient to meet all of the food needs of … More