Little is known about how calorie menu labeling in restaurants is likely to affect children and adolescents. Thus, the specific aims of this study are to: 1) determine the extent to which calorie menu labeling affects school-age children’s and adolescents’ eating behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and awareness and use of calorie information; 2) examine the appropriateness of using receipts and a food/drink item questionnaire to define a meal by also collecting data on actual or planned consumption; and 3) explore whether chain fast-food and full-service restaurants alter the nutritional content of their menu items after menu labeling. This study will build on extensive baseline data collected on nearly 1,700 children and adolescents from 2010-2012, before the implementation of the federal menu labeling regulation scheduled to take effect in 2013. For this project, investigators will collect two years of post-menu labeling data on an equivalent number of children and adolescents dining at 80 fast-food restaurants in four large, diverse New England cities. They also will continue to collect restaurant menus for 18 restaurant chains, as was done pre-menu labeling, to determine if restaurants make changes to their menus after menu labeling.
Start Date: March 2013
ID #: 70739
Principal Investigator: Jason Block, MD, MPH
Co-Principal Investigator: Suzanne Condon, MS
Organization: Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Inc.
Funding Round: Round 7
Focus Area: Food Retail
Resource Type: Grant Summary
Consumer Underestimation of Sodium in Fast Food Restaurant Meals: Results From a Cross-Sectional Observational StudyRestaurants are key venues for reducing sodium intake in the United States but little is known about consumer perceptions of sodium in restaurant foods. This study aimed to fill this gap by examining the accuracy of consumer estimates of sodium in restaurant meals. In 2013 and 2014, meal receipts and questionnaires were collected from adults More