Little is known about how calorie menu labeling in restaurants is likely to affect children and adolescents. Thus, the specific aims of this study are to: 1) determine the extent to which calorie menu labeling affects school-age children’s and adolescents’ eating behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and awareness and use of calorie information; 2) examine the appropriateness of using receipts and a food/drink item questionnaire to define a meal by also collecting data on actual or planned consumption; and 3) explore whether chain fast-food and full-service restaurants alter the nutritional content of their menu items after menu labeling. This study will build on extensive baseline data collected on nearly 1,700 children and adolescents from 2010-2012, before the implementation of the federal menu labeling regulation scheduled to take effect in 2013. For this project, investigators will collect two years of post-menu labeling data on an equivalent number of children and adolescents dining at 80 fast-food restaurants in four large, diverse New England cities. They also will continue to collect restaurant menus for 18 restaurant chains, as was done pre-menu labeling, to determine if restaurants make changes to their menus after menu labeling.
Evaluating the Impact of Menu Labeling on Fast-Food Choices by Children and Adolescents
Consumer Underestimation of Sodium in Fast Food Restaurant Meals: Results From a Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Restaurants are key venues for reducing sodium intake in the United States but little is known about consumer perceptions of sodium in restaurant foods. This study aimed to fill this gap by examining the accuracy of consumer estimates of sodium in restaurant meals. In 2013 and 2014, meal receipts and … More
Improving Menu Labeling by Restaurants to Better Guide Parents in Helping Their Children Make Healthy Food Selections
This study will develop and evaluate ways to increase the impact of restaurant menu labeling among parents buying food for their children to address concerns that restaurant calorie labeling laws have not been as influential as they could be. The goals of this project are to emplore how parents respond … More
Drawing from a larger study on restaurant nutrition, this cross-sectional study reports on the sodium density of 30,073 menu items from 237 unique U.S. chain restaurant brands in 2010. Sodium density, defined as mg sodium per 1000 kcal, was evaluated with descriptive statistics and stratified by restaurant characteristics (service model … More