Beginning January 2019 in California and Wilmington, Delaware, all restaurants selling children’s meals that include a beverage must provide healthy default options (unsweetened water and milk in California; water, milk or 100% juice in Delaware). In December 2018, baseline data on children’s meal beverage options were collected from a sample of fast food restaurants in California (n=111) and fast food and sit-down restaurants in Wilmington (n=16). The research team proposes to return to the same restaurants 6-8 months after the beverage policy went into effect to: assess pre-post changes in children’s meal beverage options, quantify policy compliance, compare compliance and beverages offered with children’s meals in California and Delaware, and identify compliance challenges and opportunities for increasing compliance. Researchers will observe menus and children’s meal ordering, and interview restaurant managers regarding changes in children’s meal beverage sales, perceptions of customer responses to the policy, and difficulties experienced in policy implementation. The overall purpose of the study is to inform future policies in other states and municipalities.
Start Date: August 2019
ID #: CAS059
Organization: University of California-Nutrition Policy Institute and University of Delaware
Project Lead: Lorrene Ritchie, Alison Karpyn
Restaurant kids’ meal beverage offerings before and after implementation of healthy default beverage policy statewide in California compared with citywide in Wilmington, DelawareIn 2019, California and Wilmington, Delaware implemented policies requiring healthier default beverages with restaurant kids’ meals. The current study assessed restaurant beverage offerings and manager perceptions. Pre-implementation, the most common kids’ meal beverages on California menus were unflavored milk and water (78·8 %, 52·0 %); in Wilmington, juice, milk and sugar-sweetened beverages were most common More
Healthy default beverage policies for kids’ meals: A statewide baseline assessment of restaurant managers’ perceptions and knowledge in DelawareThis study evaluated restaurant managers’ knowledge and support of a healthy default beverage policy in Delaware that had passed, but not yet gone into effect. We conducted structured in-person interviews with managers (n = 50) from full-service and quick-service chain and non-chain restaurants (QSRs) using a stratified random sample. Managers were interviewed about the number More
Assessing the Implementation of Kids’ Meals Healthy Default Beverage Policies in the State of California and City of Wilmington, Del.Healthy default beverage (HDB) policies are one policy approach to limiting kids’ sugary drink consumption and encouraging healthier beverage consumption. These policies specifically require restaurants to offer only healthier drinks (e.g., water, milk, 100% juice) instead of sugary drinks as the default options with kids’ meals, a combination of food and drink items sold as More