To understand how advocates, schools, the food industry, policymakers, and others have shaped discussions about school nutrition at the state and local level since the passage of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA), Berkeley Media Studies Group and the Public Health Advocacy Institute systematically examined news coverage and legislative and regulatory documents from 11 states. They analyzed how school meal and competitive food guidelines debates have been framed at the local and state level, who spoke about the guidelines and what they said, and how arguments and framing differed between states and between the news and legislative testimony. The news analysis found that most coverage was about implementation of nutrition guidelines for school meals. In contrast, the legislative and regulatory analysis found that the debate focused on competitive foods, and two-thirds of policy documents argued in favor of the guidelines. State and local food policy actions received the most positive news coverage, while federal guidelines drew the most opposition. School nutrition staff members were the most active speakers in the news about school food and in legislative and regulatory documents addressing nutrition guidelines, and discussed the guidelines positively. Students, federal elected officials, school administrators, and teachers were mostly critical of the nutrition guidelines in the news coverage studied.
Examining the Public Debate on School Food Nutrition Guidelines: Findings and Lessons Learned from an Analysis of News Coverage and Legislative Debates in 11 States
Examining State and Local-level Debates about School Nutrition Guidelines since the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act
The purpose of this project is to understand how advocates, the food industry, policymakers, and others have shaped discussions about school nutrition at the state and local level since the passage of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) by systematically examining news coverage and legislative documents from selected states. The … More
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
CSPI developed a case study that provides insights into policy strategy and advocacy best practices that resulted in passage of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA). The case study outlines key lessons to help inform nutrition and public health policy initiatives, as well as continued implementation and defense of … More