Published: February 2016

ID #: 1089

Journal: Am J Prev Med

Authors: Blake-Lamb TL, Locks LM, Perkins M, Woo Baidal JA, Cheng ER, Taveras EM

See more related research

Share


The first 1,000 days – conception through age 2 – represents an important period for the development and prevention of childhood obesity. This study reviews existing evidence from interventions occurring in the first 1,000 days that included prevention of childhood overweight or obesity as an outcome, identifies gaps in current research, and discusses conceptual frameworks and opportunities for future interventions. The results of this study are based on 34 articles representing 26 unique completed interventions, published between January 1, 1980 and December 12, 2014, as well as 46 identified ongoing trials. Nine of the completed interventions were found to be effective. Across both completed and ongoing interventions, the majority targeted individual-level behaviors and many were confined to clinical settings; few targeted early-life systems and policies that may impact childhood obesity. Obesity interventions may have the greatest preventive effect if begun early in life, yet few effective interventions in the first 1,000 days exist, and many target individual-level behaviors of parents and infants.

Related Research

March 2016

The Impact of the First 1,000 Days on Childhood Obesity

The first 1,000 days, or the period from conception through age 2, is increasingly recognized as a critical period for the development of childhood obesity and its adverse consequences. This issue brief is based on two review papers that examined evidence on risk factors for developing childhood obesity and interventions that could prevent childhood obesity More

February 2016

Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity in the First 1,000 Days: A Systematic Review

This study reviews existing evidence for modifiable childhood obesity risk factors that are present from conception to age 2. This period, described as the first 1,000 days, is a critical period for development of childhood obesity and its adverse consequences. The results of this study are based on 282 studies published between January 1, 1980 More

October 2021

Evidence-Based Recommendations and Best Practices for Promoting Healthy Eating Behaviors in Children 2 to 8 Years

Dietary recommendations are available about what to feed children ages 2 to 8 for optimal health, but relatively little guidance exists about how to feed those children. Because of the discrepancy between young children’s recommended and actual dietary intakes, there is a clear need for such guidance. To address this gap, Healthy Eating Research convened More