Households with children ages 6 and younger are at a particularly high risk of food insecurity (14.3% food insecure). These are also the households in which new pregnancies are most likely to occur. The Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is designed to improve the health of low-income pregnant and post-partum women, infants, and children ages 5 and younger by providing financial support for nutritious food purchases and nutrition education. The extent to which food security, dietary intake, and/or birth outcomes can be improved by supplementing the existing WIC benefit with fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) remains unknown. This project will leverage WIC infrastructure and an ongoing local voucher program (EatSF) to provide $40 in F&V vouchers in addition to WIC benefits for pregnant WIC participants in San Francisco. This group will be compared to WIC participants in neighboring areas who are not receiving F&V vouchers in order to determine the impact of supplemental vouchers on reducing food insecurity, improving dietary intake, and improving birth outcomes. The goal of this project is to provide actionable evidence that can be translated into equity-focused strategies and policies for improving diet quality and food security for low-income pregnant women and infants.
Providing actionable evidence for equity-focused strategies to improve diet quality and food security for low-income pregnant women and for infants
The USDA Online Purchasing Pilot, which allows SNAP participants to shop and pay for groceries online, rapidly expanded during the COVID-19 pandemic. From March 2020 to March 2021, the number of participating states increased from 5 to 47. This brief assesses whether the Pilot promotes healthy food access (using the … More
Acceptability, Preference, and No-Show Rates for In-Person and Phone-Based Consultations at Nine WIC Centers in New York City Before and During COVID-19
Access to WIC benefits typically requires an in-person visit to a WIC center, however this became a challenge during the COVID-19 pandemic due to recommendations for social distancing to minimize and prevent the spread of the virus. As a result, in-person requirements were removed for all visits, except first time … More
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest United States Department of Agriculture federal nutrition assistance program. As an entitlement program, SNAP is designed to expand as incomes fall, enabling the program to respond quickly when need increases. For example, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, SNAP served an average … More