Research & Publications | Healthy Eating Research

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A Scoping Review of the Use of Indigenous Food Sovereignty Principles for Intervention and Future Directions

Indigenous food sovereignty (IFS) represents a community-led movement with potential to reduce health inequities, but no scoping review of the impact of taking an IFS approach on intervention research has been conducted. This review sought to: 1) describe intervention studies that employ IFS principles, and 2) describe the impact of studies using IFS principles on More

Date: July 2021

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Diet Quality & Healthy Weight Healthy Communities

Long-term impact of home-visiting on SSB intake & early childhood obesity, and effects of emergency COVID-19 water equity efforts on the Navajo Nation

This research extends follow up on Native American children enrolled in the Prevention of Early Childhood Obesity 1 (PECO1) study 2017-2019 to determine whether positive impacts of the Family Spirit Nurture intervention on infant sugar sweetened beverage intake and infant growth are sustained through 5 years of age. It also examines point of use water More

Date: April 2021

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Beverages Early Childhood Healthy Communities

Food Environment Near Schools and Body weight-A Systematic Review of Associations by race/ethnicity, Gender, Grade, and Socio-Economic Factors

Previous research reported modest associations between food environments near schools and adiposity among children overall. The associations within sociodemographic subgroups have not been synthesized. This review assessed the evidence on the associations between food environments near schools and childhood obesity within different demographic and socio-economic subgroups. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched to identify studies More

Date: April 2020

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail Healthy Communities School & After School

Use of Electronic Health Record Data to Study the Association of Sugary Drink Consumption With Child Weight Status

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and, to some extent, fruit juice are modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity. Data on consumption have not been previously systematically collected in the electronic health record (EHR) in a way that could facilitate observational research and population health management. In 2017 to 2018, we used data from an EHR-based SSB and More

Date: November 2019

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Beverages Healthy Communities

A Framework for Increasing Equity Impact in Obesity Prevention

One of the most pressing unmet challenges for preventing and controlling epidemic obesity is ensuring that socially disadvantaged populations benefit from relevant public health interventions. Obesity levels are disproportionately high in ethnic minority, low-income, and other socially marginalized U.S. population groups. Current policy, systems, and environmental change interventions target obesity-promoting aspects of physical, economic, social, More

Date: October 2019

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Healthy Communities

Interventions to Prevent Global Childhood Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review

In this systematic review, investigators expand on previous reviews of obesity prevention interventions by including recent studies from all parts of the world. School-based interventions with combined diet and physical activity components and a home element had greatest effectiveness; evidence in support of the effect of preschool-based, community-based, and home-based interventions was limited by a More

Date: October 2017

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Early Childhood Healthy Communities School & After School

Stress in Early Life and Childhood Obesity Risk

The association between stress in early life and obesity and overweight in adulthood is well established. There is also increasing evidence of a link between stress exposure in childhood (or in utero) and child and adolescent obesity. Major sources of early life stress include adverse childhood experiences (e.g., abuse), poverty, food insecurity, and poor relationships More

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Date: June 2017

Resource Type: Research Review

Focus Areas: Early Childhood Healthy Communities

Prioritizing Transportation Equity through Complete Streets

Complete Streets is a transportation and design concept in which streets are designed to be safe and accessible to all users and modes of transportation. This report summarizes findings from a qualitative study of eight communities that had identified equity as a priority in their Complete Streets policy to identify how equity is being implemented More

Date: November 2016

Resource Type: Report

Focus Areas: Healthy Communities

Exploring the Association Between Complete Streets Policies and Taking Public Transit to Work

Complete Streets is a transportation and design concept in which streets are designed to be safe and accessible to all users and modes of transportation. From a public health perspective, Complete Streets can play an important role in promoting healthy behaviors by increasing trips made by foot, bicycle, and transit. This brief summarizes the results More

Date: November 2016

Resource Type: Report

Focus Areas: Healthy Communities

From Calories to Weight Change in Children and Adults: The State of the Science

Excess weight gain occurs when more calories are consumed than expended over a long period of time. Accurate translation between changes in calories and changes in weight is important for setting goals and for evaluating interventions at both the individual and population levels. For years, a simple rule of thumb has been used for predicting More

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Date: June 2016

Resource Type: Research Brief

Focus Areas: Healthy Communities