This study aimed to examine the efficacy and cost of two water delivery systems—water dispensers with cups and water coolers with cups—in increasing students’ lunchtime intake of water in lower-income middle schools. Twelve middle schools in the San Francisco Bay Area participated in a cluster randomized control trial in which they were assigned to one of two cafeteria water delivery systems and received six weeks of promotional activities and water cups or served as a control with no intervention and only traditional water fountains. Students completed surveys about their lunchtime beverage intake and observational data were collected. There was a significant increase in the odds of students drinking water in schools with promotions, cups, and water dispensers compared with control schools with traditional drinking fountains. The average cost of dispenser and water cooler programs was similar, at approximately $0.04 per student per day over a 5-year period. This study suggests that providing water in small dispensers with cups may be a feasible, low-cost option for schools that can increase students’ water intake at lunchtime.
A Trial of the Efficacy and Cost of Water Delivery Systems in San Francisco Bay Area Middle Schools, 2013
Association Between Student Purchases of Beverages During the School Commute and In-School Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, San Francisco Bay Area, 2013
The objective of this study was to describe where students from lower-income, ethnically diverse communities obtain the sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) they drink during school lunchtime and to examine whether students who purchase beverages while traveling to and from school are more likely to drink SSBs during lunchtime. This cross-sectional study … More
Water Works: A Guide to Improving Water Access and Consumption in Schools to Improve Health and Support Learning
The Water Works implementation guide can help interested individuals work with schools and community partners to increase access to free, high-quality drinking water sources in their schools. It provides a comprehensive description on how to start a school water program, including how to: 1) build a team and gather support … More
Federal and California state legislation requires schools to provide free drinking water where school lunches are served, yet many schools in California do not provide free water in school food service areas (FSAs). When water is provided, it is usually provided via fountains which may be unappealing to students, and … More