The 2014 Farm Bill Authorization included $100 million to promote the purchase of fresh produce among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants through matching financial incentives for every SNAP dollar spent on fresh produce. As part of this, the Fair Food Network (FFN) received over $5 million to expand its SNAP match program, Double Up Food Bucks (DUFB), from farmers’ markets to supermarkets. The aims of this study are to: 1) evaluate the impact of DUFB on the volume of fresh produce purchased by SNAP participants, and 2) assess the impact of DUFB on the volume of “unhealthy food” (i.e., sugar-sweetened beverages, salty snacks, and grain-based desserts) purchased by SNAP participants. The project will use transaction data from 2014-2016 from 62 supermarkets, including 32 DUFB-participating stores and 30 control stores, in Michigan, Kansas, and Missouri, to evaluate changes in the volume of fresh produce and other food categories purchased using SNAP and DUFB after DUFB implementation. A Difference-in-Difference approach will be used to study the effect of the DUFB program, controlling for secular trends and characteristics of stores and their neighborhoods.
Evaluating the Impact of Subsidizing Purchases of Fresh Produce in Supermarkets for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Recipients
The healthfulness of foods and beverages found in retail food stores differs widely across the United States, both by location of the store as well as by store type. Some communities have limited access to stores that carry healthful staple foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grain-rich foods, and … More
Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has emerged as an important healthy food and weight policy over the past five years. Seven US cities and more than 30 countries across the globe have adopted taxes on sugary drinks. Initial evaluations have found that these taxes raise the prices of sugary drinks and … More
Promoting Responsive Bottle-Feeding Practices Among Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Mothers to Reduce Infants’ Rapid Weight Gain and Obesity
Bottle-fed infants are at significantly greater risk for overfeeding and rapid weight gain (RWG), yet few studies focus on promoting healthy feeding practices for bottle-feeding caregivers. Bottle-feeding caregivers receive little support related to learning appropriate bottle-feeding practices, and this problem is pronounced in low-income, minority populations at higher risk for … More