The aim of this project is to examine how varied changes to the school food environment affect children’s food choices and dietary intake, lunchroom waste, and overall financial costs. The following environmental interventions will be investigated: 1) removing unhealthy choices from the school lunchroom and promoting the remaining healthy options (Healthy Choices condition); 2) maintaining a range of healthy and less healthy products and nudging students toward the healthy items (Healthy Nudge condition); and 3) maintaining the full range of options without nudging (control condition). Three large schools from an ethnically diverse, severely economically disadvantaged inner-city school district will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of the three conditions. Outcome data will include: 1) competitive food purchases, assessed using electronic point-of-purchase monitoring and supplemented by data from digital cameras; 2) dietary recall data (i.e., caloric intake, fruit/vegetable intake, whole grains, fiber, sodium, sugar, and saturated fat) measured using the Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall; 3) food waste data analyzed monthly for each food item; and 4) financial (profit/loss) data from the district food service.
Examining Student Reactions to Varied Strategies for Presenting and Promoting Healthy and Unhealthy School Lunch Offerings
Stories of Success: A Qualitative Examination of Contributors to Excellence in School Drinking Water Access
Drinking water instead of beverages with added sugar can help prevent obesity and cavities and promote overall health. Children spend much of their day in school, where they have variable access to drinking water. In 2010, federal and state law required California public schools to provide free potable water to … More
Policymakers worldwide are considering requiring warnings for sugary drinks. A growing number of experimental studies have examined sugary drink warnings’ impacts, but no research to our knowledge has synthesized this literature. To inform ongoing policy debates, this study aimed to identify the effects of sugary drink warnings compared with control … More
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed into law on December 10, 2015, reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. ESSA created an opportunity to broaden accountability beyond traditional subjects, such as math, to potentially focus on health and wellness in schools. States could select health and … More