The aim of this project is to examine how varied changes to the school food environment affect children’s food choices and dietary intake, lunchroom waste, and overall financial costs. The following environmental interventions will be investigated: 1) removing unhealthy choices from the school lunchroom and promoting the remaining healthy options (Healthy Choices condition); 2) maintaining a range of healthy and less healthy products and nudging students toward the healthy items (Healthy Nudge condition); and 3) maintaining the full range of options without nudging (control condition). Three large schools from an ethnically diverse, severely economically disadvantaged inner-city school district will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of the three conditions. Outcome data will include: 1) competitive food purchases, assessed using electronic point-of-purchase monitoring and supplemented by data from digital cameras; 2) dietary recall data (i.e., caloric intake, fruit/vegetable intake, whole grains, fiber, sodium, sugar, and saturated fat) measured using the Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall; 3) food waste data analyzed monthly for each food item; and 4) financial (profit/loss) data from the district food service.
Examining Student Reactions to Varied Strategies for Presenting and Promoting Healthy and Unhealthy School Lunch Offerings
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
This content analysis investigated equity-based arguments featured in news debate over federal school nutrition policy. Analyses of national and local print and broadcast news between September 1, 2014-December 31, 2015 were conducted to examine arguments rooted in appeals about equity and/or disparities. Overall, equity and/or disparities appeals appeared in 24% … More
This study estimated the frequency and quality of fruit and vegetables offered during snack in U.S. afterschool programs and examined program-level factors associated with offering them, including awareness and use of the National AfterSchool Association Healthy Eating and Physical Activity standards. Data was collected from 684 National AfterSchool Association members … More