Attention to nutrition information, including reading food labels, can be an effective way to improve dietary behaviors. Research has identified consumer characteristics associated with viewing Nutrition Facts labels; however, little is known about those who view front-of-package nutrition labels. This study examines and quantifies Nutrition Facts and front-of-package nutrition label viewing among American adult consumers. Participants, consisting of pairs of 123 parents and one of their children (ages 6 to 9 years), were randomized to conditions in which front-of-package nutrition labels were present or absent, and signage explaining front-of-package nutrition labels was present or absent. Adults’ visual attention to Nutrition Facts labels and front-of-package nutrition labels was objectively measured via eye-tracking glasses. Overall, front-of-package labels were more likely to be viewed than Nutrition Facts labels (63% vs. 42%) among all consumers. Among participants who had access to signage explaining front-of-package nutrition labels, 95 percent viewed at least one front-of-package label, whereas only 27 percent of participants viewed front-of-package labels without signage. The study suggests that consumer attention to front-of-package labeling would be increased by informational campaigns educating consumers of the availability of this resource and how to use it.
Nutrition Label Viewing During a Food-Selection Task: Front-of-Package Labels vs. Nutrition Facts Labels
Impact of Explained v. Unexplained Front-of-Package Nutrition Labels on Parent and Child Food Choices: A Randomized Trial
This study examined the impact of front-of-package (FOP) labels and in-aisle signage identifying and explaining those labels on the healthfulness of foods selected by consumers. 153 parent/child pairs completed the study in a laboratory grocery aisle. Participants were randomly assigned to one of five conditions: (i) Facts up Front labels … More
Using New Eye-Tracking Technologies to Assess the Effects of Varied Nutrition Labels on the Selection and Purchase of Healthful Foods
This study assesses front-of-package nutrition labeling using novel technology (eye tracking) in a population at risk for obesity (urban, lower-income, racial and ethnic minority). Eye tracking allows objective comparison of use of monochromatic Nutrition Keys labels (soon to be added to food packages by the Grocery Manufacturers Association, but currently … More
Breastfeeding protects against overweight and obesity, asthma, eczema, and type-II diabetes, and has long-term health benefits for women. The health benefits of breastfeeding are so valuable that in 1981, the World Health Organization established the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes (WHO Code) that prohibits marketing infant formula to … More