This paper discusses the results of a study that tested whether the associations between franchised fast-food restaurants or convenience store density near schools and childhood overweight varied by race/ethnicity, sex, and grade. Using data for 926,018 racially/ethnically diverse children in fifth, seventh, or ninth grade in 6,362 public California schools, researchers documented four findings in this study: 1) after controlling for student and school characteristics, fast-food restaurant density around schools was significantly related to overweight prevalence in the overall sample; 2) fast-food restaurant density was associated with higher overweight prevalence among Hispanics and Blacks but lower prevalence among Asians; 3) greater convenience store density was associated with overweight prevalence in the overall sample; and 4) some evidence suggests that the food environment may have a stronger influence among younger children and girls.
Published: June 2012
ID #: 65047
Journal: Am J Epidemiol
Authors: Sanchez BN, Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Uscilka A, Baek J, Zhang L
Resource Type: Journal Article
Evaluating the Impact of Competitive Food and Beverage Policies on Body and Weight Patterns Among California Children and AdolescentsCapitalizing on a natural experiment and existing data, this project will investigate the impact of competitive food and beverage policies on child and adolescent weight status. This work specifically includes the evaluation of the impact of competitive food and beverage policies adopted by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on patterns in BMI and More