Start Date: February 2016

ID #: 73391

Principal Investigator: Sara Benjamin Neelon, PhD, MPH, RD

Co-Principal Investigator: Natasha Frost, JD

Organization: Johns Hopkins University

Funding Round: Round 9

See more related research


The aim of this study is to describe state child-care licensing laws relating to healthy eating and active play targeting children ages 0 to 2 in early care and education settings for all U.S. states and territories. Investigators will use legal research methods to search state websites, the commercial legal databases LexisNexis® and WestlawNext®, and the publicly available website run by the National Resource Center to document child-care licensing laws and administrative regulations related to healthy feeding, type of feeding, adult interactions, restriction, and active play. The research team will assess the number and strength of regulations and assess associations between geographic region of the state and the regulations. The research team will also compare current state regulations to recommendations and standards put forth by a number of national organizations.

Related Research

February 2020

State Regulations to Support Children’s Cultural and Religious Food Preferences in Early Care and Education

In July 2018 the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics released a benchmark encouraging early care and education (ECE) programs, including child care centers and family child care homes, to incorporate cultural and religious food preferences of children into meals. We examined the extent to which states were already doing so through their ECE licensing and More

April 2018

Media and Young Minds: Comparing State Screen Media Use Regulations for Children Under 24 Months of Age in Early Care and Education to a National Standard

Excessive screen media use has been associated with a number of negative health outcomes in young children, including increased risk for obesity and comparatively lagging cognitive development. The purpose of this study was to assess state licensing regulations restricting screen media use for children under 24 months old in early care and education and to More

November 2017

State Variations in Infant Feeding Regulations for Child Care

This cross-sectional study reviewed infant feeding regulations for all U.S. states for child care centers and family child care homes, then compared the regulations with ten national standards and also assessed the number of new regulations consistent with these standards since a previous review conducted in 2008. The 2008 review found that the majority of More

September 2017

Early Feeding in Child Care in the United States: Are State Regulations Supporting Breastfeeding?

This study updates a previous review, conducted in 2012, assessing the extent to which state child care regulations support a woman’s ability to continue to breastfeed her infant in child care. For this study, child care regulations were reviewed related to breastfeeding for centers and homes in all 50 states and the District of Colombia More