Research & Publications | Healthy Eating Research

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Determining whether length of participation in social safety-net programs is associated with diet quality and weight status for children 2 to 5

Medicaid, SNAP, and WIC provide low-income children access to vital medical and nutrition services for long-term health and well-being. Despite these benefits, few studies have investigated if these safety net programs, or the synergistic combination of all three programs, are associated with diet quality and weight status; and none have focused on examining these longitudinal More

Examining how federal food and non-food assistance programs improve food security among households with children, focusing on marginalized populations

Food insecurity is linked to a multitude of adverse health outcomes in adults and children. Yet, access to Medicaid has been shown to reduce such adverse health outcomes, and therefore, the ability to access medical care, specifically via Medicaid, is conceivably a driving factor behind the association between food hardship and adverse health. This study More

Date: November 2023

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Access Nutrition Policy & Programs

Federal Nutrition Assistance for Young Children: Underutilized and Unequally Accessed

The federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) improves nutrition and reduces food insecurity among young children by helping cover the food costs for child care providers and families. This nationwide study evaluated the extent and predictors of the CACFP’s utilization among licensed child care centers to identify opportunities for expanding CACFP nutrition support. More

Date: November 2023

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Early Childhood Nutrition Policy & Programs

Recommendations to Promote Healthy Retail Food Environments: Key Federal Policy Opportunities for the Farm Bill

The goal of this report is to make recommendations for policy, voluntary actions, and research areas to support in-store and online food environments that make healthy food and beverage choices easier for all consumers. All shoppers face barriers to purchasing nutritious food in a retail environment that disproportionately promotes unhealthy food products. However, retail marketing More

Date: October 2023

Resource Type: Report

Focus Areas: Food Retail Nutrition Policy & Programs

A Comprehensive Demographic Profile of the U.S. Evicted Population

Millions of American renter households every year are threatened with eviction, an event associated with severe negative impacts on health and economic well-being. Yet we know little about the characteristics of individuals living in these households. Here, we link 38 million eviction court cases to US Census Bureau data to show that 7.6 million people, More

Keywords: Housing

Date: October 2023

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Healthy Communities

Challenges and Opportunities for Equity in US School Meal Programs: A Scoping Review of Qualitative Literature Regarding the COVID-19 Emergency

The emergency school meals program provided free meals to children in the United States (US) during COVID-19-related school closures. This scoping review aims to synthesize the existing qualitative empirical evidence published between March 2020 and January 2023 on the operations and utilization of emergency school meal programs during the pandemic. Qualitative, US-based peer-reviewed literature was More

Date: August 2023

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: School & After School

Evidence to support continuation of the increased WIC Cash Value Benefit for fruits and vegetables

To inform the consideration by Congress of future benefit levels for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), this brief summarizes findings from studies conducted by Heluna Health’s PHFE-WIC Program and the University of California’s Nutrition Policy Institute.

Date: August 2023

Resource Type: Research Brief

Focus Areas: Early Childhood Nutrition Policy & Programs

Federal Food Program Participation and Beverage Intake Among Families With Low Household Income

This study examined beverage intake among families with low income by household participation in federal food assistance programs. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in fall/winter 2020 via an online survey. Participants were mothers of young children insured by Medicaid at the time of the child’s birth (N = 493). Mothers reported household federal food More

Date: July 2023

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Nutrition Policy & Programs

Alternative School Breakfast Service Models and Associations with Breakfast Participation, Diet Quality, Body Mass Index, Attendance, Behavior, and Academic Performance: A Systematic Review

The United States (US) School Breakfast Program provides Breakfast After The Bell (BATB) to alleviate hunger, provide nutrition, and ensure students have a healthy start to the day. This study aims to review the evidence regarding the impact of BATB on students’ diet and academic outcomes, including participation, diet quality and consumption, body mass index More

Date: June 2023

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: School & After School

The Effect of Emergency Rental Assistance on Household and Child Food Hardship

Housing instability and high housing costs are important correlates of food insecurity, and are disproportionately present for Black, Latino, and single-parent households. Although the last two years witnessed the largest allocation of funding for emergency rental assistance (ERA) in U.S. history, the impact of these programs on children’s outcomes, particularly their health and nutrition, is More

Date: June 2023

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Access Healthy Communities