The purpose of this project is to determine which state Safe Routes to School (SRTS) equity funding best practice processes and procedures best facilitate applications and awards in vulnerable communities. Researchers will document SRTS equity funding best practices used in each state and use national data on awards to schools between 2006 and 2015 to estimate the impact of best practices on state-specific award rates over time, according to school-level student socio-economic status. They will use an online survey to collect data on the practices and policies and date(s) implemented in each state, based on 10 currently identified best practice recommendations. Relevant documents will also be collected and coded to create an index of best practices for equitable funding in each state (Equity Funding Index). The research team will use a repeated-measure, natural-experiment design to test whether changes in states adopting more or a greater variety of Equity Funding Index best practices over time are related to changes in the annual award rate among high-poverty schools and the relative rates of funding of high-poverty schools compared to low-poverty schools. A policy brief will present key findings to inform the development of state SRTS guidelines for best practices to promote equity.
Examining Best Practices in Promoting Access to Safe Routes to School Programs in Vulnerable Communities
Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs in multiple states have adopted several approaches to reduce barriers faced by schools in low-income communities in applying for and implementing a SRTS award. This study aimed to determine which of these practices for equitable funding were successful in promoting SRTS implementation within vulnerable … More
The marketing of unhealthy foods to children and youth is a major public health concern. Children in the United States grow up surrounded by food and beverage marketing, which primarily promotes products with excessive amounts of added sugar, salt, and fat, and inadequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. … More
Conducting a Large-Scale Surveillance of Public School Environments to Advance Wellness-Related Practices, With a Focus on Rural Schools
Rural disparities in health behaviors and weight status jeopardize the well-being of millions of Americans. Compared to urban children, rural children have higher rates of obesity and consume more calories, less fruit, and fewer vegetables. A health-promoting school environment can modify risk behaviors, and periodic assessment of school environments provides … More