Reservation-based American Indian (AI) children suffer the highest rates of childhood obesity in the United States. This project will provide evidence to support the integration of childhood obesity prevention modules into government-funded home-visiting programs. It will also identify the role of water insecurity in sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake. The specific aims of the study are to: 1) assess the impact of a home-visiting module, Family Spirit Nurture (FSN), on SSB introduction/frequency and optimal complementary and responsive feeding practices between 3 and 9 months post-partum, and 2) assess the impact of water insecurity on SSB consumption among infants between 3 and 6 months post-partum. The study will be a randomized 1:1 controlled trial with 136 mother-infant dyads. AI mothers and children ages 1-3 months living <50 miles from the Northern Navajo Medical Center in Shiprock, NM, on the Navajo Nation will be enrolled in the study. Mothers will be randomized to FSN or a control condition and complete evaluations at baseline (<3) and 4, 6, and 9 months post-partum. Outcome measures include maternal feeding and nutrition knowledge; introduction/frequency of infant SSB consumption; complementary and responsive feeding practices collected via self-assessment or structured interview; and BMI z-score, obtained through medical chart reviews.
Examining Home-Visiting Strategies to Prevent Obesity Among American Indians, Focusing on Early Childhood Outcomes and Water Insecurity
Effect of a Home-Visiting Intervention to Reduce Early Childhood Obesity Among Native American Children
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a brief home-visiting approach, Family Spirit Nurture (FSN), on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, responsive parenting and infant feeding practices, and optimal growth through 12 months post partum. This study was a 1:1 randomized clinical trial comparing FSN with an … More
Promoting Responsive Bottle-Feeding Within WIC: Evaluation of a Policy, Systems, and Environmental Change Approach
Bottle-fed infants are at greater risk for overfeeding and rapid weight gain (RWG), so evidence-based strategies for promoting healthy bottle-feeding practices are needed. The aim of this study was to assess whether policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) strategies for promoting responsive bottle-feeding practices within the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for … More
Restaurant kids’ meal beverage offerings before and after implementation of healthy default beverage policy statewide in California compared with citywide in Wilmington, Delaware
In 2019, California and Wilmington, Delaware implemented policies requiring healthier default beverages with restaurant kids’ meals. The current study assessed restaurant beverage offerings and manager perceptions in a sample of quick-service restaurants. Pre-implementation, the most common kids’ meal beverages on California menus were unflavored milk and water (78·8 %, 52·0 … More