Reservation-based American Indian (AI) children suffer the highest rates of childhood obesity in the United States. This project will provide evidence to support the integration of childhood obesity prevention modules into government-funded home-visiting programs. It will also identify the role of water insecurity in sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake. The specific aims of the study are to: 1) assess the impact of a home-visiting module, Family Spirit Nurture (FSN), on SSB introduction/frequency and optimal complementary and responsive feeding practices between 3 and 9 months post-partum, and 2) assess the impact of water insecurity on SSB consumption among infants between 3 and 6 months post-partum. The study will be a randomized 1:1 controlled trial with 136 mother-infant dyads. AI mothers and children ages 1-3 months living <50 miles from the Northern Navajo Medical Center in Shiprock, NM, on the Navajo Nation will be enrolled in the study. Mothers will be randomized to FSN or a control condition and complete evaluations at baseline (<3) and 4, 6, and 9 months post-partum. Outcome measures include maternal feeding and nutrition knowledge; introduction/frequency of infant SSB consumption; complementary and responsive feeding practices collected via self-assessment or structured interview; and BMI z-score, obtained through medical chart reviews.
Examining Home-Visiting Strategies to Prevent Obesity Among American Indians, Focusing on Early Childhood Outcomes and Water Insecurity
Toddler drinks are a relatively new product category, typically offered by infant formula manufacturers and promoted as beneficial for young children ages 12 months and older. Marketing promotes these drinks as the “next step” after infant formula, using claims that imply unproven benefits for children’s nutrition and health. However, these drinks … More
Conducting a health-care-technology-based intervention to reduce sugary-beverage consumption for diverse populations of children
The healthcare sector is a promising venue for systems interventions to reduce children’s sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, but clinical staff lack the time for high-intensity in-person interventions. We propose to develop and pilot a parent-informed, technology-enabled healthcare system-based intervention. The goals of the intervention are to: reduce SSB consumption, promote … More
Expanding and evaluating a community-based intervention to increase healthy beverage consumption by Navajo preschool children
Diet-related disparities among indigenous youth are driven, in part, by excess sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and limited access to drinking water. Water is K’é targets environmental change at early childhood education (ECE) sites and community-wide systems change to promote a Diné culture of health. ECE sites will select and implement site-based … More