This study aimed to assess the relative impact of the home food environment on children’s diet after the introduction of a new supermarket in a food desert. This study builds upon a natural experiment to longitudinally examine the food-purchasing behaviors and diets among a randomly selected population of households in two major Pittsburgh food desert neighborhoods, one of which underwent a transformation by obtaining a full-service supermarket in 2013. Parental diet was assessed before and after the opening of the supermarket. The home environment and children’s intake of fruits and vegetables was measured only after the store’s opening. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate the pathways between changes in parental dietary quality at follow-up and children’s dietary intake through the home environment. The study found that parental dietary improvement after the supermarket was opened was indirectly and positively associated with children’s healthy dietary behaviors through family nutrition and physical activity patterns.
Improved Parental Dietary Quality is Associated with Children’s Dietary Intake Through the Home Environment
Assessing the Relative Impact of Home-Food and Local-Supermarket Environments on Children’s Diets in Low-Resource African American Neighborhoods
This study will take advantage of a unique natural experiment to evaluate the ways in which the home food environment modifies the effects of a new full-service supermarket on children’s diet in a low-resource, urban, African American neighborhood. The study has two specific aims: 1) to determine the effect of … More
Federal food programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are the first line of defense against food insecurity in the United States. However, these benefits are often not sufficient to meet all of the food needs of … More
Assessing Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program families' online food purchasing behaviors to inform policies targeting expansion of SNAP benefits
Online grocery services may be a promising strategy to increase food access by creating systems that increase the self-reliance of communities to meet their food needs; however, there may be unintended consequences that should be considered. Despite the potential to increase healthier choices, individuals may purchase more soft drinks and … More