The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 included a mandate to school districts participating in the federal school meal program to establish and implement policies addressing wellness, including nutrition, by the start of the 2006-07 school year. Using data from the 2008 School Health Profiles principal survey for middle and junior/senior high schools in 28 states, investigators compared the distribution of food and nutrition-related policies and practices by geographic location, minority enrollment, and free/reduced-price school meal enrollment. Researchers found that, compared to urban and suburban schools, schools located in towns and rural communities had significantly fewer policies that support healthy eating strategies and ban food marketing, and were less likely to serve fruits and vegetables at school celebrations, have fruits and vegetables available in vending machines or school stores, and limit serving-size packages. Schools serving the highest percentage of minority students consistently reported the same or better school food environment. However, schools serving the highest percentage of lower-income students had varied results: vending and low-nutrient, energy-dense vending polices were consistently better, but fruits and vegetables availability related policies were consistently worse.
Rural Disparities in the Distribution of Policies that Support Healthy Eating in U.S. Secondary Schools
This aim of this work is to evaluate disparities in school-level nutrition policies and practices across the U.S. More specifically, the objective of this research is to (a) determine the prevalence of school-level nutrition policies and practices in a large sample of schools across multiple states stratified by school-level socioeconomic … More
Stories of Success: A Qualitative Examination of Contributors to Excellence in School Drinking Water Access
Drinking water instead of beverages with added sugar can help prevent obesity and cavities and promote overall health. Children spend much of their day in school, where they have variable access to drinking water. In 2010, federal and state law required California public schools to provide free potable water to … More
Policymakers worldwide are considering requiring warnings for sugary drinks. A growing number of experimental studies have examined sugary drink warnings’ impacts, but no research to our knowledge has synthesized this literature. To inform ongoing policy debates, this study aimed to identify the effects of sugary drink warnings compared with control … More