This research brief summarizes findings from an exploratory study of a diverse sample of juvenile justice residential facilities in North Carolina conducted by RTI International. The study examined food service operations, agency and facility level policies and practices pertaining to nutrition, participation in federal school nutrition programs, and additional food service funding sources. The overall goal of this research was twofold. The first was to identify areas for nutrition-related policy and environmental improvements in juvenile justice settings. The second was to examine promising practices and innovative approaches to promote healthy eating in order to influence short- and long-term health outcomes of these youth and their families. The study found that juvenile justice facilities in North Carolina offered innovative programming and opportunities for youth to learn about nutritious foods and healthy lifestyle choices. The findings suggest that North Carolina may be an innovator among juvenile justice residential facilities, and future research is needed to examine the food and beverage environments of facilities across multiple states and facility types.
The Food Environment in Juvenile Justice Residential Facilities in North Carolina
Researchers and advocates have drawn attention to the public health consequences of mass incarceration and its contribution to racial health disparities in the United States. The conditions within juvenile justice facilities may influence long-term health outcomes for African-American, Latino, and Native American populations, who are more likely than white youth … More
Farm-to-School Education Grants Reach Low-Income Children and Encourage Them to Learn About Fruits and Vegetables
For children from low-income families, school meals are a significant portion of daily caloric intake and hence an opportunity to address food insecurity. Many states have pursued legislation to institutionalize programs such as farm to school that aim to improve the quality of school meals and acceptance of healthy foods … More
How Much Can Product Reformulation Improve Diet Quality in Households with Children and Adolescents?
Improvements in the healthfulness of packaged foods and beverages through reformulation could help reduce the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents through improved diet quality. This study assessed changes in calories and four nutrients (saturated fat, total sugars, sodium, and dietary fiber) from 2012 through 2014 for packaged products … More