Based on 2005 data, this study found that 97% of high schools and 82% of middle schools had vending machines, compared with 17% of elementary schools. In addition, 93% of high schools and 92% of middle schools sold food and beverages a la carte, and nearly 80% of these schools offered unhealthy a la carte options. About 55% of schools examined had an agreement with a beverage company that allowed the company to be the sole distributor of sodas and other beverages in the school. Schools with a higher percentage of children from low-income families were significantly less likely to offer fruits or raw vegetables each day. But no association was found between schools’ overall food environment and the percentage of students who were racial/ethnic minorities or who were certified for free or reduced-price school lunches.
Published: July 2008
ID #: 57930
Authors: Finkelstein DM, Hill EL, Whitaker RC
Resource Type: Journal Article
Focus Area: School & After School
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