Research & Publications | Healthy Eating Research

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The Impact of a Pricing Manipulation Intervention on Food Sales in a Small Community Grocery Store in Baltimore City

This study tested a pricing manipulation strategy in a small grocery store to assess the impact on food sales. The prices of 35 healthy foods were decreased over time while simultaneously increasing the prices of 45 unhealthy foods. Trends in sales were examined across each manipulation period. Total sales of healthy foods remained relatively stable More

Keywords: Grocery store

Date: February 2022

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail Pricing & Economics

Sweetened Beverage Taxes: Legislative Approaches to Revenue Dedication and Allocation that Advance Equity

The purpose of this analysis is to provide useful guidance to policymakers and advocates regarding sweetened beverage tax (SBT) allocation and dedication. The specific aims are to: 1) collect all state SBT bills proposed in the United States in the past ten years, and all adopted local laws along with a representative set of proposed More

Date: September 2021

Resource Type: Commissioned Research Project Summary

Focus Areas: Beverages Pricing & Economics

Examining the Effects of Taxes and Warning Labels on Parents’ Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Using a Choice Experiment

The purpose of this study is to conduct a discrete choice experiment to investigate whether warning labels on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) alter the effectiveness of a tax on SSBs, especially among parents who are Black, Latinx and lower income. The research team will conduct an online choice experiment with 2,700 parents and caregivers of children More

Date: April 2021

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Beverages Early Childhood Pricing & Economics

Sugary drink warnings: A meta-analysis of experimental studies

Policymakers worldwide are considering requiring warnings for sugary drinks. A growing number of experimental studies have examined sugary drink warnings’ impacts, but no research to our knowledge has synthesized this literature. To inform ongoing policy debates, this study aimed to identify the effects of sugary drink warnings compared with control conditions. Using a comprehensive search strategy, More

Date: May 2020

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Beverages Pricing & Economics

Studying the impact of combining fiscal incentives and disincentives to improve healthy food purchases by low-income households with children

Using economic modeling, this study seeks to advance nutritional equity by identifying ways to lower economic barriers to healthy eating among low-income households with children. This study will identify mechanisms for directing unhealthy food and beverage tax revenues towards healthy incentives, particularly through existing federally-funded, but local and state-run programs such as WIC and SNAP. More

Date: February 2020

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Nutrition Policy & Programs Pricing & Economics

Evaluating A USDA Program That Gives SNAP Participants Financial Incentives To Buy Fresh Produce In Supermarkets

Pricing incentives may reduce disparities in obesity among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants by increasing fruit and vegetable purchases. However, few studies have evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of those incentives in supermarkets, as opposed to farmers markets. In 2015 and 2016, as part of a US Department of Agriculture (USDA) pilot program, a More

Date: November 2019

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail Nutrition Policy & Programs Pricing & Economics

Analyzing the Progressive and Regressive Impacts of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has emerged as an important healthy food and weight policy over the past five years. Seven US cities and more than 30 countries across the globe have adopted taxes on sugary drinks. Initial evaluations have found that these taxes raise the prices of sugary drinks and decrease consumption substantially, and well More

Date: March 2019

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Beverages Pricing & Economics

Studying the Impact of Financial Incentives at Point of Purchase on Low-Income Consumers’ Purchase of Healthy Food and, Subsequently, on Family Health

To address diet quality disparities in low-income families, policymakers and health experts recommend strategies such as financial incentives to promote consumption of fruits and vegetables (FVs). Real-time incentives for purchasing FV and variable incentives are promising, untested strategies to improve families’ diets and health. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of More

Date: February 2019

Resource Type: Grant Summary

Focus Areas: Food Retail Pricing & Economics

Evaluating the Impact of a Healthier Checkout Program on Food Sales at a Regional Convenience Retail Chain

Healthy retail strategies implemented in convenience stores have shown to have promising impact on healthy food purchasing and healthy diets. However, additional evidence on specific strategies to promote healthful food purchasing inconvenience stores is needed. One such strategy is creating “healthy check-outs” in small stores. The goal of this project is to implement and rigorously More

Date: January 2018

Resource Type: Commissioned Research Project Summary

Focus Areas: Food Retail Pricing & Economics

A Supermarket Double-Dollar Incentive Program Increases Purchases of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Among Low Income Families With Children: The Healthy Double Study

This pilot study was conducted to determine whether a supermarket double-dollar fruit and vegetable (F&V) incentive increases F&V purchases among low-income families. The study was carried out in a supermarket in a low-income rural Maine community. The participants were low-income and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) supermarket customers. The participants received a same-day coupon at More

Date: November 2017

Resource Type: Journal Article

Focus Areas: Food Retail Pricing & Economics